Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions
In November 2011, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) published an integrated set of policy measures to address the systemic risk and moral hazard associated with systemically important financial institutions. It identified an initial group of Global Systemically Important Banks (G-SIBs), using a methodology developed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). The list of G-SIBs is updated every November.
A financial institution whose distress or disorderly failure, because of its size, complexity and systemic interconnectedness, would cause significant disruption to the wider financial system and economic activity, and is therefore subject to additional capital buffers and increased supervisory scrutiny.
The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision has a methodology for identifying G-SIBs. It is based on 12 indicators grouped in five broad categories:
No, G-SIBs are sorted into five separate buckets with increasing additional capital buffers. For example, loss absorbency is lowest in Bucket 1, and highest in Bucket 5.
While Canada has two identified G-SIBs, in 2013 OSFI named Canada’s six largest banks as D-SIBs (Domestic Systemically Important Banks), and since that time they have been subject to enhanced supervision as well as increased capital, resolution and disclosure requirements.