Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions
OSFI supports relevant disclosures as a way to ensure stakeholders have access to key risk information that would enable them to gain a fundamental understanding and knowledge of small and medium-sized banks’ (SMSBsFootnote 1 ’) activities. Many bodies recognize the importance of disclosureFootnote 2 as a key tool for decision-making and market discipline. Accordingly, disclosures help OSFI to meet our mandate of protecting depositors, policyholders, and creditors by ensuring appropriate information is available for the public to understand the financial condition of Canadian federally regulated SMSBs and the risks to which they are exposed.
This Guideline provides OSFI’s updated disclosure expectations and serves as the comprehensive source for Pillar 3 disclosure requirements for SMSBs.
The Annex to this draft Guideline summarizes the disclosure requirements, indicate whether they are required in a fixed or flexible format, and lists the publishing frequency associated with each table and template.
This guideline applies to all SMSBs except for foreign bank branches, and subsidiaries of SMSBs or D-SIBs that report consolidated results to OSFI.
OSFI has agreed upon five guiding principles for SMSBs' Pillar 3 disclosures. Pillar 3 complements OSFI’s minimum risk-based capital requirements and other quantitative requirements (Pillar 1) and OSFI’s supervisory review process (Pillar 2) and aims to promote market discipline by providing meaningful regulatory information to investors and other interested parties on a consistent and comparable basis. The guiding principles aim to provide a firm foundation for achieving transparent, high-quality Pillar 3 risk disclosures that will enable users to better understand and compare an SMSB’s business and its risks, at a level of detail appropriate for SMSBs’ nature, size and complexity. Regarding the appropriate level of disclosure for SMSBs, OSFI aims to strike a balance between facilitating the transparency of SMSBs’ risks and risk management, and the level of resources required of SMSBs to provide that transparency. Accordingly, this draft guideline is adapted from OSFI’s Pillar 3 Disclosure Guideline 2023 for D-SIBs.
Principle 1 - Disclosures should be clear - Disclosures should be presented in a form that is understandable to key stakeholders (i.e. depositors, creditors, analysts, others) and communicated through an accessible medium. Important messages should be highlighted and easy to find. Complex issues should be explained in simple language with important terms defined. Related risk information should be presented together.
Principle 2 - Disclosures should be comprehensive - Disclosures should describe an SMSB’s main activities and all significant risks, supported by relevant underlying data and information. Significant changes in risk exposures between reporting periods should be described, together with the corresponding responses by management. The level of detail of such disclosure should be proportional to a SMSB’s complexity. Approaches to disclosure should be sufficiently flexible to reflect how senior management and the board of directors internally assess and manage risks and strategy, helping users to better understand an SMSB’s risk tolerance/appetite.
Principle 3 - Disclosures should be meaningful to users - Disclosures should highlight an SMSB’s most significant risks and how those risks are managed, including information that is likely to receive market attention.
Principle 4 - Disclosures should be consistent over time - Disclosures should be consistent over time to enable key stakeholders to identify trends in an SMSB’s risk profile across all significant aspects of its business. Additions, deletions and other important changes in disclosures from previous reports, including those arising from a SMSB’s specific, regulatory or market developments, should be highlighted and explained.
Principle 5 - Disclosures should be comparable across similar SMSBs. The level of detail and the format of presentation of disclosures should enable key stakeholders to perform meaningful comparisons of business activities, prudential metrics, risks and risk management between SMSBs with similar characteristics.
OSFI expects SMSBs to present disclosures that reflect the above principles.
SMSBs are expected to disclose prospectively the tables and templates as required by section V of this Guideline in accordance with the implementation deadlines per the Annex to this Guideline. SMSBs may early adopt disclosure requirements at their discretion. SMSBs should provide comparative period disclosures over future reporting periods.
OSFI’s disclosure requirements for SMSBs are determined by SMSB segmentation categoryFootnote 3. See Annex 1 of this Guideline for disclosure requirements for each Category of SMSB.
Disclosure requirements related to SecuritizationFootnote 4 and Counterparty credit risk are required only if the SMSB engages in those activities on a regular basis.
Quantitative Disclosure requirements for Category 1 SMSBs related to Operational Risk are required only if the SMSB has been approved by OSFI to use the Standardized Approach for Operational RiskFootnote 5.
OSFI expects that SMSBs currently making the market risk disclosures under Basel 2.5 revisions to the
Basel II market risk framework, continue to do so until the market risk disclosures under Basel III, Pillar 3 come into effect in Canada.
All SMSBs (other than those exempt per Section III of this Guideline) should include disclosure of their respective segmentation category as part of their Pillar 3 disclosures.
All SMSBs (other than those exempt per Section III of this Guideline) are required to provide in their Pillar 3 disclosures a link to OSFI’s Financial Data for Banks (or Trust Companies, or Loan Companies) websiteFootnote 6, as appropriate, to alert readers to additional information available.
Category 2 and Category 3 SMSBs may provide the link to OSFI’s Financial Data for Banks (or Trust Companies, or Loan Companies) website, as appropriate, in place of the disclosure requirement for Modified Template CC1 - Composition of regulatory capital.
The reporting frequency varies depending upon the nature of the specific disclosure requirement per Annex 1 of this Guideline. On an ongoing basis after implementation, OSFI expects SMSBs to adhere to this Guideline for frequency and format of reporting. SMSBs may provide Pillar 3 reporting on a more frequent basis than is required by this draft Guideline.
Annex 1 of this draft Guideline designate the required tables and templates in this Guideline as either fixed format or flexible format. Templates must be completed with quantitative data in accordance with the definitions provided. Tables generally relate to qualitative requirements, but quantitative information is also required in some instances.
SMSBs are required to follow the disclosure format designated by the Annex of this Guideline, which are:
Fixed format templates should be completed in accordance with the OSFI-prescribed instructions for each template and located in a separate Pillar 3 report. If a row or column in a template is not considered relevant or meaningful to users (as it would contain a nil balance because it does not apply), SMSBs may delete the specific row or column, while keeping the numbering of subsequent rows or columns for ease of reference. SMSBs may also add extra sub-rows and sub-columns to provide additional granularity, but the numbering of prescribed rows and columns in the template must not be altered.
Flexible format tables and templates allow SMSBs to present the required information either in the format provided in this document or in a format that better suits the SMSB, as long as the information provided is comparable to and at a similar level of granularity as required by this Guideline.
SMSBs can disclose flexible format tables and templates in a separate document other than in a Pillar 3 report (e.g., in the management discussion and analysis, financial statement notes or supplemental information) but must clearly indicate in the Pillar 3 report where the disclosure requirements have been published.
OSFI believes that the disclosure requirements strike an appropriate balance between the need for meaningful disclosure and the protection of proprietary and confidential information. In exceptional cases, disclosure of certain items required by this Guideline may contravene its legal obligations by making public information that is proprietary or confidential in nature. In such cases, an SMSB does not need to disclose those specific items, but must disclose more general information about the subject matter of the requirement instead. It must also explain in the narrative commentary to the disclosure requirement the fact that the specific items of information have not been disclosed and the reasons for this.
SMSBs are expected to supplement the quantitative information provided in both fixed and flexible templates with a narrative commentary to explain at least any significant changes between reporting periods and any other issues that management considers to be of interest to users. The form taken by this additional narrative is at the SMSB's discretion.
Disclosure of additional quantitative and qualitative information provides market participants with a broader picture of an institution’s risk position and promotes market discipline.
The Pillar 3 report must be published concurrently with the SMSB’s financial reporting for the corresponding period, even if the SMSB does not disclose financial reporting to the public.
The Pillar 3 report should be easily located by users, such as in a standalone document, appended to or part of a discrete section of the SMSB’s financial reporting.
Pillar 3 disclosures should be publically available (such as on a website) and SMSBs should have an ongoing archive of all Pillar 3 disclosures relating to prior reporting periods. SMSBs are required to ensure public access to previously issued Pillar 3 disclosures for a minimum of 12 months; where investor information is made available for longer periods, the same archive period should be used for Pillar 3 disclosures.
For Category 1 SMSBs: to facilitate ease of locating disclosures, Category 1 SMSBs should provide a reference index that maps the tables and templates to their specific location. This index should include the template title, name of document referenced, specific page number or paragraph referenced and web link where relevant. For instances where entire, or portions of, certain tables or templates are not disclosed, explanations should be provided.
Subject to OSFI discretion, SMSBs may disclose in a document separate from their Pillar 3 reports (e.g. in a SMSB's annual report) the templates / tables with a flexible format, and the fixed format templates where all of the following criteria are met:
In such circumstances, the SMSB must signpost clearly in its Pillar 3 report where the disclosure requirements have been published. This signposting in the Pillar 3 report must include:
SMSB’s can only make use of signposting to another document if the level of assurance on the reliability of data in the separate document is equivalent to, or greater than, the internal assurance level required for the Pillar 3 report.
The Pillar 3 information disclosed must be subject, at a minimum, to the same level of internal review and internal control process as the information provided for their financial reporting (i.e. the level of assurance must be the same as for information provided within the management discussion and analysis part of the annual financial statements).
The internal audit function should review compliance with Annex 1 of this draft Guideline on initial application and, subsequently, on a periodic basis. The initial review should be conducted within one year after implementation of this draft Guideline. Subsequent reviews should be conducted on a periodic basis consistent with the SMSB’s normal reporting verification cycle. Issues of non-compliance with this draft Guideline will be addressed by OSFI on a case-by-case basis through bilateral discussions with the SMSB.
Templates and tables are as per BCBS Guidance: (https://www.bis.org/baselframework/DIS10_20220101.xlsx)
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See Annex 2 for an example of BCAR schedule 10.011
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Only if applicable. See “Disclosure Requirements for SMSBs, by Segmentation Category” section of this Guideline for applicability.
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Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) simplified risk-based capital ratio ratio (%)
Tier 1 simplified risk-based capital ratio (%)
Total simplified risk-based capital ratio (%)
Net CET1 capital
Net Tier 1 capital
CET1 capital deductions
Additional Tier 1 capital deductions
Tier 2 capital deductions
For the purposes of this guideline, SMSBs are banks (including federal credit unions), bank holding companies, federally regulated trust companies, and federally regulated loan companies that have not been designated by OSFI as domestic systemically important banks (D-SIBs). This includes subsidiaries of SMSBs or D-SIBs that are banks (including federal credit unions), federally regulated trust companies or federally regulated loan companies.
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For example, the Financial Stability Board considers disclosure of key importance. For additional information please see the FSB’s
Enhanced Disclosure Task Force reports
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For an explanation of OSFI’s segmentation of SMSBs, see
OSFI’s Capital and Liquidity Requirements for Small and Medium-Sized Deposit-Taking Institutions (SMSBs), section entitled “Segmentation of SMSBs.”
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For an explanation of “Securitization”, see OSFI’s
Capital and Liquidity Requirements for Small and Medium-Sized Deposit-Taking Institutions (SMSBs), section entitled “Securitization Exposures.”
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For an explanation of “Operational Risk”, see OSFI’s
Capital and Liquidity Requirements for Small and Medium-Sized Deposit-Taking Institutions (SMSBs), section entitled “Operational Risk.”
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OSFI’s financial Data website:
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